Public holidays in China
China is a country focused on culture. That is why the Chinese government has designed festivals for people to enjoy special events. Everybody has the right to enjoy the free time in their appointed days off work. That is why these holidays are either for all the citizens to enjoy or just for a part of the working force. In this article, you will learn about the Chinese national (public) holidays, and compare them with the holidays in your home country.
New Year’s Day
This is one of the grand occasions for the Chinese people. People in China celebrate the New Year like no one else. Since ancient times, the name of the New Year is “Yuandan” which means “the beginning day” or “first day of the year.” China is the twelfth country to celebrate this event and every person in China has a one day’s vacation for the New Year.
Spring Festival (The Chinese New Year)
This event is held on the first day of the first lunar month, and it lasts for two weeks. It is considered to be the greatest and grandest annual event, and it is very similar to how people from Europe and US celebrate Christmas. It is an event where people celebrate in a family reunion. During this festival, you can do countless activities, and it is full of color and joy.
Just like in the USA, Europe, and Japan, Woman’s day is celebrated on the 8th of March. This occasion was first celebrated in 1975 with the purpose of remembering the struggling woman had with their rights. All women in China are rewarded half day off on this day, and usually, the children and husbands take care of the household instead of their mothers and wives.
In English, this festival translates as “Pure Brightness” and represents both the solar term and a traditional festival. It is a festival that signifies the fact that the nights and days are becoming warmer and brighter. Since ancient times, people from China usually go out, sweep the tombs clean and bring flowers in memory of the departed.
This is the international day for the working people, and it is celebrated on the 1st of May since 1886. During this period, you can find in China all kinds of amusement activities and jubilant assemblies in theaters, plazas, and parks.
Dragon Boat Festival
This festival falls on the fifth day of the fifth Chinese lunar month. Many beautiful stories suggest the origin of this festival, but the most popular is the legend of Qu Yuan. He was a patriotic poet that lived in Warring States Period. It is traditional to eat Zongzi on this day and race dragon boats. This is a festival unlike any other in the US and Europe, but it can relate to Japan’s Children’s Day.
Falling on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month in China, the festival represents a family reunion in the Chinese culture. That is why this is one of the most important traditions. There are a lot of beautiful legends telling about the origin of this festival. In today’s time, most people in China admire the full moon and eat mooncakes during this fabulous day.
China’s National Day falls on the 1st of October. It is an important festival for the people nationwide. People celebrate it with a large felicitation since early morning. In Beijing, people gather early in the morning at Tiananmen Square to see the raising of the national flag. After this, there is a grand ceremonial of the troops in the square, followed by festive activities in different regions. Since 1999, the three-day celebration was combined so that people have a seven-day vacation.
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